1. Possession and Transfer of Personal Property

    • 1.1. Distinction between Real Property (Land) and Personal Property or Chattels

    • 1.1.1 Historic Distinction

    • 1.1.2. Tangible Real Property

    • 1.1.3. Chattels

    • 1.1.4. Things In Between: Fixtures and the Like

    • 1.1.5. Intangibles

    • 1.2. Wild Animals

    • 1.2.1. Ownership Through Capture

    • 1.2.2. Escape

    • 1.2.3. Exception for Trespassers

    • 1.3. Rights of Possessors

    • 1.3.1. Right of Owner to Possess

    • 1.3.1.1. Physical Possession

    • 1.3.1.2. Intent to Control

    • 1.3.1.3. Constructive Possession

    • 1.3.1.4. Custody

    • 1.3.2. Right of Owner to Transfer Rights

    • 1.4. Accession (Adding of New Value to a Chattel)

    • 1.4.1. By Natural Growth

    • 1.4.2. By Labor of Another

    • 1.4.2.1. Willful Wrongdoer

    • 1.4.2.2. Innocent Wrongdoer

    • 1.4.3. By Trespasser to Realty

    • 1.4.4. Addition of Goods Owned by Another

    • 1.5. Bona Fide Purchasers

    • 1.6. Bailment (the rightful possession of goods by one who is not the owner)

    • 1.6.1. Differ from Bailments in Contracts Course (here K implied or non-existent)

    • 1.6.2. Characteristics

    • 1.6.2.1. Title Remains in Bailor

    • 1.6.2.2. Problems of Fungible Goods (ex. grain in an elevator)

    • 1.6.2.3. Distinguished from a Sale

    • 1.6.2.4. Possession and Physical Control by Bailee

    • 1.6.2.5. Intent by Bailee to Assume Custody and Control

    • 1.6.2.5.1. Intent to Take Possession and Exercise Control Need Not be Voluntary

    • 1.6.3. Standards of Care Imposed on the Bailee

    • 1.6.3. Standards of Care Imposed on the Bailee / 1.6.3.1. Older View

    • 1.6.3.1. Older View / 1.6.3.1.1. Was Bailment for the Benefit of the Bailor or the Bailee or Both?

    • 1.6.3. Standards of Care Imposed on the Bailee / 1.6.3.2. Modern View

    • 1.6.3.2. Modern View / 1.6.3.2.1. Bailee Must Exercise Ordinary Care Under the Circumstances

    • 1.6.3.2. Modern View / 1.6.3.2.2. What Circumstances Do Courts Consider? Bailment that Results from Contract

    • 1.6.3.2. Modern View / 1.6.3.2.3. Public Policy Considerations

    • 1.6.4. Duty of Bailee to Redeliver

    • 1.6.4. Duty of Bailee to Redeliver / 1.6.4.1. Demand by Bailor

    • 1.6.4. Duty of Bailee to Redeliver / 1.6.4.2. Demand May be Unnecessary If Goods Destroyed

    • 1.6.4. Duty of Bailee to Redeliver / 1.6.4.3. Wrongful Termination of the Bailment by the Bailee

    • 1.6.4. Duty of Bailee to Redeliver / 1.6.4.4. Liability Inferred in Goods Not Returned

    • 1.6.4. Duty of Bailee to Redeliver / 1.6.4.5. Liability for Conversion

    • 1.6.5. Bailee's Rights

    • 1.6.5. Bailee's Rights / 1.6.5.1. Right to Possession and Use

    • 1.6.5. Bailee's Rights / 1.6.5.2. Right to Compensation and Expenses

    • 1.6.5. Bailee's Rights / 1.6.5.3 Right to Exercise a Lien

    • 1.6.5. Bailee's Rights / 1.6.5.4. Right to Sue a Third Party

    • 1.6.6. Bailor's Rights Against Third Parties

    • 1.6.6. Bailor's Rights Against Third Parties / 1.6.6.1. Against Bono Fide Furchasers

    • 1.6.6. Bailor's Rights Against Third Parties / 1.6.6.2. Against Those Who Damage or Destroy the Goods

    • 1.7. Intervivos Gifts

    • 1.7. Intervivos Gifts / 1.7.1. Elements of an Intervivos Gift

    • 1.7. Intervivos Gifts / 1.7.2. Understanding Intent and Delivery

    • 1.7.2. Understanding Intent and Delivery / 1.7.2.1. Functions of Intent and Delivery

    • 1.7.2. Understanding Intent and Delivery / 1.7.2.2. Permissible Types of Delivery

    • 1.7.2. Understanding Intent and Delivery / 1.7.2.3. Delivery in Special Circumstances

    • 1.7.2.3. Delivery in Special Circumstances / 1.7.2.3.1. Delivery to a Third party (Escrow)

    • 1.7.2.3. Delivery in Special Circumstances / 1.7.2.3.2. Gifts of Intangibles and Undivided Interests

    • 1.7.2.3. Delivery in Special Circumstances / 1.7.2.3.3 When Delivery Is Excused

    • 1.7. Intervivos Gifts / 1.7.3. Conditional Gifts

    • 1.8. Testamentary Gifts

    • 1.8. Testamentary Gifts / 1.8.1. Testamentary Gifts

    • 1.8. Testamentary Gifts / 1.8.2 .Causa Mortis Gifts

    • 1.8. Testamentary Gifts / 1.8.3. Gifts of Future Interests

    • 1.8.3. Gifts of Future Interests / 1.8.3.1. Present and Future Interests

    • 1.8.3. Gifts of Future Interests / 1.8.3.2. Intent and Delivery Requirements

    • 1.8.3. Gifts of Future Interests / 1.8.3.3. Distinguishing Inter Vivos Gifts of a Future Interest from a Testamentary Gift

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property / 1.9.1 Rights of Possessor Over All Except the Owner

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property / 1.9.2. Chattels Abandoned by Their First Owner

    • 1.9.2. Chattels Abandoned by Their First Owner / 1.9.2.1. Abandoned When Owner Intentionally Gives Up Rights

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property / 1.9.3. Property Lost When Owner Involuntarily Parted with Property

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property / 1.9.4. Obligations of Finders of Lost Property

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property / 1.9.5. Goods Found on Property of Another

    • 1.9.5. Goods Found on Property of Another / 1.9.5.1. Goods Found Under the Soil vs. Treasure Trove

    • 1.9.5. Goods Found on Property of Another / 1.9.5.2. Goods Found by Trespasser

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property / 1.9.6. Goods Found by Employee

    • 1.9. Finders of Lost Property / 1.9.7. Mislaid Property

    • 1.10. Wrongful Possession

    • 1.11. Fixtures

    • 1.11. Fixtures / 1.11.1. Defined

    • 1.11. Fixtures / 1.11.2. Transfer of Ownership of an Item

    • 1.11. Fixtures / 1.11.3. Conversion of a Chattel to a Fixture

    • 1.11. Fixtures / 1.11.4. Severance Conversion of a Fixture to a Chattel

    • 1.11. Fixtures / 1.11.5. Landlord and Tenant Rules

  2. Adverse Possession

      1. Adverse Possession / 2.1. Lecturette - Historical Underpinnings and Policy Overview
      1. Adverse Possession / 2.2. Adverse Possession: An Introduction
    • 2.2. Adverse Possession: An Introduction / 2.2.1. Mechanics of Adverse Possession (Pt. II)- How Adverse Possession Operates

    • 2.2. Adverse Possession: An Introduction / 2.2.2. The Function of the Open and Notorious Standard

    • 2.2. Adverse Possession: An Introduction / 2.2.3. Applying the Standard to Boundary Encroachment Disputes - The Relevance (or Irrelevance) of The True Owner's Knowledge of the Encroachment

    • 2.2. Adverse Possession: An Introduction / 2.2.4. Adverse Possession of Open Lands

      1. Adverse Possession / 2.3. Color of Title and Constructive Adverse Possession
    • 2.3. Color of Title and Constructive Adverse Possession / 2.3.1. Defined

    • 2.3. Color of Title and Constructive Adverse Possession / 2.3.2. Shortening the Limitations Period

    • 2.3. Color of Title and Constructive Adverse Possession / 2.3.3. Constructive Adverse Possession

      1. Adverse Possession / 2.4. Exclusive and Continuous Possession for the Statutory Period
    • 2.4. Exclusive and Continuous Possession for the Statutory Period / 2.4.1. Exclusive Possession

    • 2.4. Exclusive and Continuous Possession for the Statutory Period / 2.4.2. Continuous Possession

    • 2.4.2. Continuous Possession / 2.4.2.1. Continuity

    • 2.4.2. Continuous Possession / 2.4.2.2. Transfers and Tacking

    • 2.4.2. Continuous Possession / 2.4.2.3. Interrupting the Statutory Period

    • 2.4.2.3. Interrupting the Statutory Period / 2.4.2.3.1. Conduct that Interrupts the Statutory Period

    • 2.4.2.3. Interrupting the Statutory Period / 2.4.2.3.2. Tolling (Non-running) of the Statutory Period

      1. Adverse Possession / 2.5. Hostility of Possession
    • 2.5. Hostility of Possession / 2.5.1. The Significance of Permission

    • 2.5. Hostility of Possession / 2.5.2. Evaluating Hostility

    • 2.5.2. Evaluating Hostility / 2.5.2.1. The Majority (Objective) Approach

    • 2.5.2. Evaluating Hostility / 2.5.2.2. Minority (Subjective) Approaches

      1. Adverse Possession / 2.6. Review - Survey of Adverse Possession
      1. Adverse Possession / 2.7. Related Doctrines
  3. Servitudes Including Easements and Promises Concerning Land

      1. Servitudes Including Easements and Promises Concerning Land / 3.1. Easements
    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.1. Defined

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.2. Negative Easements in Contrast to Affirmative Easements

    • 3.1.2. Negative Easements in Contrast to Affirmative Easements / 3.1.2.1. Creation of Negative Easements

    • 3.1.2. Negative Easements in Contrast to Affirmative Easements / 3.1.2.2. Types of Negative Easements

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.3. Easement Appurtenant and Easement in Gross

    • 3.1.3. Easement Appurtenant and Easement in Gross / 3.1.3.1. Defined

    • 3.1.3. Easement Appurtenant and Easement in Gross / 3.1.3.2. Distinguishing Easements Appurtenant from Easements in Gross

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.4. Scope of Easements

    • 3.1.4. Scope of Easements / 3.1.4.1. Conflict Between Rights of Easement Users and Owners of the Servient Tenement

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.5. Implied vs. Express Easements

    • 3.1.5. Implied vs. Express Easements / 3.1.5.1. Defined

    • 3.1.5. Implied vs. Express Easements / 3.1.5.2. Creation

    • 3.1.5. Implied vs. Express Easements / 3.1.5.3. Easements by Express Reservation and by Express Grant

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity

    • 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity / 3.1.6.1. Purpose of Implying the Easement

    • 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity / 3.1.6.2. Requirements for the Implication of the Easement

    • 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity / 3.1.6.3. Severance of the Dominant and Servient Parcels

    • 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity / 3.1.6.4. Necessity

    • 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity / 3.1.6.5. Timeframe

    • 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity / 3.1.6.6. Continuation

    • 3.1.6. Implied Easement of Necessity / 3.1.6.7. Statutory Aspects

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.7. Prescriptive Easements

    • 3.1.7. Prescriptive Easements / 3.1.7.1. Purposes Underlying the Easement's Recognition

    • 3.1.7. Prescriptive Easements / 3.1.7.2. Requirements to Support Acquisition

    • 3.1.7. Prescriptive Easements / 3.1.7.3. Tacking

    • 3.1.7. Prescriptive Easements / 3.1.7.4. Prescriptive Use

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.8. Chapter of Dominant or Servient estates (Dominant)

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.9. Rights and Duties of Servient Owners & Easement Holders

    • 3.1. Easements / 3.1.10. Termination of Easements

      1. Servitudes Including Easements and Promises Concerning Land / 3.2. Profits a Prendre - Right to Take
    • 3.2. Profits a Prendre - Right to Take / 3.2.1. Defined

    • 3.2. Profits a Prendre - Right to Take / 3.2.2. Relation to an Easement

    • 3.2. Profits a Prendre - Right to Take / 3.2.3. Creation: Profits Appurtenant or in Gross

    • 3.2. Profits a Prendre - Right to Take / 3.2.4. Termination of Profits

      1. Servitudes Including Easements and Promises Concerning Land / 3.3. Licenses
    • 3.3. Licenses / 3.3.1. Defined

    • 3.3. Licenses / 3.3.2. Types of Licenses

      1. Servitudes Including Easements and Promises Concerning Land / 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants)
    • 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants) / 3.4.1. Defined

    • 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants) / 3.4.2. Reason for Real Covenants

    • 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants) / 3.4.3. Termination of Covenants

    • 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants) / 3.4.4. Comparison Between Restatement & Traditional Common Law Rules

    • 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants) / 3.4.5. Requirements for Creation

    • 3.4.5. Requirements for Creation / 3.4.5.1. Formalities

    • 3.4.5. Requirements for Creation / 3.4.5.2. Intent

    • 3.4.5. Requirements for Creation / 3.4.5.3. Touch and Concern

    • 3.4.5. Requirements for Creation / 3.4.5.4. Privity of Estate

    • 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants) / 3.4.6. Enforcement of a Covenant

    • 3.4.6. Enforcement of a Covenant / 3.4.6.1. Rights and Duties of Parties

    • 3.4.6. Enforcement of a Covenant / 3.4.6.2. Burden and Benefit

    • 3.4.6. Enforcement of a Covenant / 3.4.6.3 Defense to Enforcement

    • 3.4. Covenants Running with Land (aka Real Covenants) / 3.4.7. Validity and Scope

  4. Possessory Estates

    • 4.1. Historical Underpinnings of Tenure Explained

    • 4.2. Fee Simple

    • 4.2.1. Fee Simple Absolute

    • 4.2.1.1. The Concept of an Estate in Land

    • 4.2.1.1.1 Possession

    • 4.2.1.1.2 Potential Duration

    • 4.2.1.1.3 Freehold vs. Non-Freehold Estates

    • 4.2.1.2 Characteristics of the Fee Simple Absolute

    • 4.2.1.3 Creation of a Fee Simple

    • 4.3. Fee Tail Estate

    • 4.3.1. Historical Origins of The Fee Tail Estate

    • 4.3.2. Legal Characteristics of the Traditional Fee Tail Estate

    • 4.3.3. Modern Fee Tail and Fee Simple Conditional Estates

    • 4.3.4. Treatment of the Fee Tail Under Modern Statutes

    • 4.4. Defeasible Estates

    • 4.4. Defeasible Estates / 4.4.1. Rules of Construction of Language

    • 4.4. Defeasible Estates / 4.4.2. Fee Simple Determinable

    • 4.4.2. Fee Simple Determinable / 4.4.2.1. Relation to Specified Event

    • 4.4.2. Fee Simple Determinable / 4.4.2.2. Buzz Words for Creation

    • 4.4. Defeasible Estates / 4.4.3. Fee Simple Subject to a Condition Subsequent

    • 4.4.3. Fee Simple Subject to a Condition Subsequent / 4.4.3.1. Grantor's Rights and Relation to a Specific Event

    • 4.4.3. Fee Simple Subject to a Condition Subsequent / 4.4.3.2. Buzz Words for Creation

    • 4.4. Defeasible Estates / 4.4.4. Fee Simple Subject to an Executory Interest

    • 4.4.4. Fee Simple Subject to an Executory Interest / 4.4.4.1. Statute of Uses

    • 4.4.4. Fee Simple Subject to an Executory Interest / 4.4.4.2. Creation in third parties

    • 4.4. Defeasible Estates / 4.4.5. Defeasible Life Estate

    • 4.4. Defeasible Estates / 4.4.6. Defeasible Non-freehold (Estate for Years)

    • 4.5. Life Estates

    • 4.5.1. Definition and Creation

    • 4.5.2. Characteristics of Life Estate

    • 4.6. Restraints on Alienation

    • 4.6. Restraints on Alienation / 4.6.1 Direct and Indirect Restraints

    • 4.6. Restraints on Alienation / 4.6.2 Disabling, Forfeiture and Promissory Restraints

    • 4.6. Restraints on Alienation / 4.6.3 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Promissory Restraint

    • 4.6.3 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Promissory Restraint / 4.6.3.1 Absolute Restraints on Fee Simple Estates

    • 4.6.3 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Promissory Restraint / 4.6.3.2 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Limited as to Time

    • 4.6.3 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Promissory Restraint / 4.6.3.3 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Limited as to Transferees

    • 4.6.3 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Promissory Restraint / 4.6.3.4 Restraints on Fee Simple Estates Limited as to Manner of Alienation

    • 4.7. Doctrine of Cy Pres

04/21/14; 04:53:02 PM

Last built: Mon, Apr 21, 2014 at 5:36 PM

By Elmer Masters, Monday, April 21, 2014 at 5:36 PM.